Benjamin Obadiah Iqbal Zephaniah (born 15 April 1958, Birmingham, England) is an English writer, dub poet and Rastafarian. He was included in The Times list of Britain’s top 50 post-war writers in 2008.
Zephaniah was born and raised in the Handsworth district of Birmingham, which he called the “Jamaican capital of Europe”. He is the son of a Barbadian postman and a Jamaican nurse. A dyslexic, he attended an approved school but left aged 13 unable to read or write.
He writes that his poetry is strongly influenced by the music and poetry of Jamaica and what he calls “street politics”. His first performance was in church when he was eleven, and by the age of fifteen, his poetry was already known among Handsworth’s Afro-Caribbean and Asian communities. He received a criminal record with the police as a young man and served a prison sentence for burglary. Tired of the limitations of being a black poet communicating with black people only, he decided to expand his audience, and headed to London at the age of twenty-two.
He became actively involved in a workers co-operative in Stratford, London, which led to the publication of his first book of poetry, Pen Rhythm (Page One Books, 1980). Three editions were published. Zephaniah has said that his mission is to fight the dead image of poetry in academia, and to “take [it] everywhere” to people who do not read books so he turned poetry readings into concert-like performances.
Read more at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Zephaniah